Installing Lazarus on MacOS X

From Lazarus wiki
Jump to: navigation, search

English (en) | 한국어 (ko)

Contents

Installation

This document describes FPC+Lazarus installation on Apple Mac OS X desktops/laptops.

For authorative/more detailed instructions for FPC, please go to [1]

Prerequisites: Apple Developer Tools

You need the Apple Developer tools, which are a part of the XCode development environment. They can be installed from the original Mac OS X installation disks or downloaded from the Apple Developer Connection (ADC), which requires free registration: http://developer.apple.com/.

Xcode 5.0+ compatibility (Mac OS X 10.8 and 10.9)

Like Xcode 4.3+, Xcode 5 no longer installs the command line tools by default. These are required by FPC/Lazarus. Unlike in Xcode 4 however, the installation option is no longer accessible in Xcode 5 via the Downloads tab. Additionally, the "Locations" tab of the preferences dialog may be confusing, as it mentions that the command line tools are installed:

The first dialog box shows that by default the command line tools are only installed inside the Xcode.app bundle itself. To install them globally, as required by FPC/Lazarus, execute the following terminal command:

xcode-select --install

Xcode 4.3+ compatibility (Mac OS X 10.7/10.8)

Xcode 4.3 and later no longer install the command line tools by default. These are required by FPC/Lazarus.

To install them manually, open Xcode, go to Preferences, select "Downloads;" and install the "Command Line Tools". Afterwards, FPC will install and function correctly.

It will be necessary to reinstall the command line tools after each upgrade of Xcode (especially when it's a new major version, the installer may delete the old copies of the command line tools), and also after switching to a new major version of the system software (idem).

Xcode 3.2.x compatibility (Mac OS X 10.6)

FPC 2.6.0: there is an issue when compiling dynamic libraries with FPC under Mac OS X 10.6 due to a bug in the Xcode 3.2.x linker. This bug has been fixed in Xcode 4. You can work around the bug in Xcode 3.2.x by using the -k-no_order_inits command line parameter when compiling a dynamic library.

Xcode 3.1.x compatibility (Mac OS X 10.5)

Most versions of Lazarus and FPC are compatible with Xcode 3.1 (see the compatibility matrix for detailed reference). The Xcode integration kit is provided as an optional install to allow for developing with Free Pascal directly from Xcode. It is not required for development with Lazarus, however.

Xcode 2.x compatibility (Mac OS X 10.4)

Most versions of Lazarus and FPC are compatible with Xcode 2.3 or newer (see the compatibility matrix for detailled reference). The Xcode integration kit is provided as an optional install to allow for developing with Free Pascal directly from Xcode. It is not required for development with Lazarus, however. Xcode 2.0 was compatible with Lazarus 0.9.x, but it is no longer supported by newer versions of the Lazarus IDE.

Install Packages / Released version

Compatibility

Not every combination of Lazarus and Free Pascal is compatible with every installation of Mac OS X. Please refer to the following table in order to find the correct version for your development environment:

Lazarus Compatibility Matrix
Lazarus 1.0 Lazarus 1.0.2 Lazarus 1.0.4 Lazarus 1.0.6 Lazarus 1.0.8 Lazarus 1.0.10 Lazarus 1.0.12 Lazarus 1.0.14 Lazarus 1.2.0
Free Pascal (FPC) 2.6.0  FPC 2.6.2
PPC processors
Mac OS X 10.4 (Tiger) Incompatible Incompatible N/A Compatible Incompatible Incompatible Compatible* Compatible* Not tested
Mac OS X 10.5 (Leopard) Compatible Compatible N/A Compatible Compatible Compatible Compatible Compatible Compatible**
Intel processors
Mac OS X 10.4 (Tiger) Incompatible Incompatible Compatible Compatible Incompatible Incompatible With hack only Not tested Not tested
Mac OS X 10.5 (Leopard) Compatible Compatible Compatible Compatible Compatible Compatible Compatible Not tested Not tested
Mac OS X 10.6 (Snow Leopard) Compatible Compatible Compatible Compatible Compatible Compatible Compatible Compatible Compatible
Mac OS X 10.7 (Lion) Compatible Compatible Compatible Compatible Compatible Compatible Compatible Compatible Compatible
Mac OS X 10.8 (Mountain Lion) Compatible Compatible Compatible Compatible Compatible Compatible Compatible Compatible Compatible
Mac OS X 10.9 (Mavericks) Not tested Not tested Not tested Not tested Not tested Not tested Compatible* Compatible* Compatible*
Lazarus 1.2.2 Lazarus 1.2.4
 FPC 2.6.4
PPC processors
Mac OS X 10.4 (Tiger) Compatible N/A
Mac OS X 10.5 (Leopard) Compatible N/A
Intel processors
Mac OS X 10.4 (Tiger) Not tested Not tested
Mac OS X 10.5 (Leopard) Compatible Not tested
Mac OS X 10.6 (Snow Leopard) Compatible Compatible
Mac OS X 10.7 (Lion) Compatible Compatible
Mac OS X 10.8 (Mountain Lion) Compatible Compatible
Mac OS X 10.9 (Mavericks) Compatible* Compatible*

*Restrictions apply to debugging with GDB. **Not available as pre-built installer. Compiling from source required.

Installation from disk images

Download the three disk images (.dmg files) for fpc, fpcsrc and lazarus from either of the following links:

Open up each disk image and install in this order:

  1. fpc
  2. fpcsrc
  3. Lazarus

After installation the Lazarus application can be found in /Developer/lazarus/, the FPC source files in /usr/local/share/fpcsrc.

If you receive a "Can't find unit Interfaces used by Project1" error on trying to compile a blank form, check the following settings in Lazarus (should be set by default):

Environment Options

  Lazarus directory: /Developer/lazarus
  Compiler path: /usr/local/bin/ppc386 (PowerPC Macs: /usr/local/bin/ppcppc)
  FPC Source: /usr/local/share/fpcsrc

Project | Options

  All paths blank
  LCL Widget Type: default (Carbon beta)

Project | Inspector

  Required Packages
     LCL

Note - different versions of Lazarus depend on particular versions of the FreePascal compiler and will not work with other versions.

Another common problem is that the versions of fpc and fpcsrc are different.

This is the easiest way to install Lazarus on Mac OS X.

Installation using fink

To obtain the up-to-date release versions of lazarus (1.2) AND freepascal (2.6.4) use fink, a package manager for Mac OS X. The extra bonus of fink is easy installation as well as clean removal of a huge number of other open source software packages, including FreePascal crosscompilers for other processors and systems. The choice for lazarus is between an Aqua (preferred by most) and a gtk2 look of lazarus:

$ fink install lazarus-aqua

or

$ fink install lazarus-gtk2

This also installs a number of other packages, such as the FreePascal compiler, the lazarus sources, gtk2 libraries and more. At the prompt, whether you want to install these additional packages, simply hit RETURN and go for a coffee. It really takes some time to build all packages, in particular on older Macs.

After installation, Lazarus can be started from the folder /Applications/Fink/. The actual details of fpc and lazarus are in subdirectories of /sw

With both (Aqua AND gtk2) looks, these widget sets for your program are supported on Intel- and PowerPC-Macs:

carbon (Aqua), gtk2, nogui

On Intel-Macs these additional cross platform widget sets are supported:

carbon (Aqua) for powerpc, win32 and wince.

Projects with the gtk1 widget set are also supported on 10.4 and 10.5 through the lazarus-common-gtk1 package. On 10.6 and up, gtk1 libraries are deprecated in general and you have to port your project to the gtk2 or carbon widget set.

Install from Source / Development version

You need the latest stable released FPC installed in order to compile the development version.

Download and install a compiler

Download and install the FPC package: https://sourceforge.net/project/showfiles.php?group_id=89339

There are two development versions of the compiler: 2.6.x is stable version without new features - only bug fixes. The unstable version 2.7.x comes with lots of new features but sometimes also with bugs. Best is to download and install fpc 2.6.x. Some daily snapshots can be found here. Keep in mind that these are daily snapshots and that you can have bad luck and get a buggy version. The probability is about 1:30. So if the version is buggy try another day or use the released packages instead.

Download the sources via svn

  • Note: IF the current SVN of FreePascal can not be compiled using the stable release of FreePascal that comes with the current stable version of Lazarus (FPC 2.6.*), you will need a newer compiler. In order to compile the latest versions of FPC, first install a precompiled 2.6.* series compiler. You can get a compiled version of FPC 2.6.* at http://www.freepascal.org/download.var. Note: only do this if the instructions below do not work.

The sources are kept in a version control system called subversion or short svn:

  • 10.5 and higher already contains svn clients. Users of earlier versions must install SVN for Mac OS X. A good package is provided by Martin Ott. You can also use fink. SVN clients with GUI (graphical user interface) are available from Versiontracker. A quite handy client, which integrates in Finder, is SCPlugin.

Create a directory, where you would like to put the sources. You don't need to be root to do this. Any normal user can do this. First create a directory for fpc

(e.g. /Users/username/freepascal)

then open a terminal and do the following:

[]$ svn co http://svn.freepascal.org/svn/fpc/trunk fpc

This will create a directory called 'fpc', which can be later used in the IDE. Hint: To download/update the latest changes you can simply do

[]$ cd /Users/username/freepascal/fpc
[]$ svn up

Building fpc

[]$ make clean all
[]$ sudo make install

Then download lazarus

[]$ svn co http://svn.freepascal.org/svn/lazarus/trunk lazarus

This will create a directory called 'lazarus'. To update the latest changes:

[]$ cd /Users/username/freepascal/lazarus
[]$ svn up

Building lazarus

[]$ make clean all

Then start lazarus either via command line or by double click in the finder:

 open lazarus.app

Uninstalling Lazarus and Free Pascal

Normally you uninstall an application on OS X simply by dragging it from the Applications folder to the trash. But because Lazarus and Free Pascal are development tools, they're installed in several folders that you don't normally see in Finder.

You can copy and save the commands below to file uninstallLaz.sh and run it if you need to uninstall Lazarus and Free Pascal. You can usually install newer versions of Lazarus and Free Pascal over older versions, but as with most software it's not a bad idea to clean out everything before you install a newer version. This list of commands should also give you a sense of where the various pieces of Lazarus and Free Pascal are located.

bin=/usr/local/bin
share=/usr/local/share
lib=/usr/local/lib
receipts=/Library/Receipts
private=/private/etc
 
rm -fv $bin/ppcppc
rm -fv $bin/ppc386
rm -fv $bin/bin2obj
rm -fv $bin/data2inc
rm -fv $bin/delp
rm -fv $bin/fd2pascal
rm -fv $bin/fpc
rm -fv $bin/fpcmake
rm -fv $bin/fpcmkcfg
rm -fv $bin/fpcsubst
rm -fv $bin/fpdoc
rm -fv $bin/fprcp
rm -fv $bin/h2pas
rm -fv $bin/h2paspp
rm -fv $bin/makeskel
rm -fv $bin/mkxmlrpc
rm -fv $bin/plex
rm -fv $bin/postw32
rm -fv $bin/ppdep
rm -fv $bin/ppudump
rm -fv $bin/ppufiles
rm -fv $bin/ppumove
rm -fv $bin/ptop
rm -fv $bin/pyacc
rm -fv $bin/rstconv
rm -fv $bin/unitdiff
rm -r $private/lazarus
rm -r $bin/lazarus
rm -r $share/lazarus
rm -r $share/fpcsrc
rm -r $share/doc/fpc-2.2.2
rm -r $share/examples/fpc-2.2.2
 
rm -r $lib/fpc
 
rm -r $receipts/lazarus-*.pkg
rm -r $receipts/fpcsrc-*.pkg
rm -r $receipts/fpc-*.pkg
 
rm -fv /etc/fpc.cfg

Note that this assumes you have version 2.2.2 snapshot of Free Pascal installed. If you have a different version, change the two relevant commands to specify your version.

To run this script, change to the directory where it's stored and enter:

chmod +x uninstallLaz.sh
sudo ./uninstallLaz.sh

Then enter your password when prompted.

Note: Lazarus also creates a .lazarus folder in your home directory where it stores environment settings and a list of recently opened projects and files. You can leave this folder alone if you want the new version of Lazarus you're installing to use your old settings. OS X normally doesn't show files or folders whose names start with a dot (.). To see this folder and its contents, enter the following in a terminal window:

cd ~/
ls -al
cd .lazarus
ls

To remove it, execute the following commands:

cd ~/
rm -rv .lazarus

Known issues

  • FPC 2.4.4 has a bug. You can not compile the IDE with the range check flag -Cr.
  • On OS X 10.4 you have to manually uninstall any previous version before installing a new dmg. Delete the following files and folders:
    • /Developer/lazarus
    • /Library/Receipts/lazarus.pkg
    • /etc/lazarus
    • /usr/local/bin/lazbuild

First Steps

The carbon interface has matured and is probably preferred over the gtk2 interface by most users of lazarus:

  • The carbon IDE looks somewhat nicer, although autosizing does not yet work correctly. Therefore, some dialogs look pretty bad until you enlarge them manually.
  • Sometimes the blinking cursor vanishes after closing a file. Just switch to another page and back.

See Also

Other Interfaces

Platform specific Tips

Mac How To Articles

  • Mac How - If you having troubles in solving some major issues.

Interfaces Development Articles

Personal tools