TRadioGroup

From Free Pascal wiki
Jump to: navigation, search

Deutsch (de) English (en) français (fr)

A TRadioGroup tradiogroup.png is a group of related but mutually exclusive TRadioButtons, requiring the user to select one of a set of alternatives. It's like a TGroupBox with integrated TRadioButtons.

Usage

To use a TRadioGroup on a form, you can simply select it on the Standard tab of the Component Palette and place it by clicking on the form.

Small example

Geometric figures should be drawn randomly and depending on the TRadioGroups to the form. RadioGroup1 determines the shape, the number RadioGroup2.

  • create a new application and place two TRadioGroups on your form
  • change in the Object Inspector the property Name of RadioGroup1 to rgShape, also RadioGroup2 to rgCount
  • change identical Caption of rgShape to Shape and that of rgCount to Count
  • add the RadioButtons for rgShape:
    • in the Object Inspector select the property Items of rgShape
    • click on the button [...], the character chain editor opens
    • write among each other Lines Rectangles Ellipses and complete the entry with the button OK
  • add identical the RadioButtons for rgCount (written among each other): 1 5 10 20 50 100
  • set the first RadioButton as the currently selected, by setting the property ItemIndex of rgShape and rgCount from -1 to 0
  • create the OnClick event handler of rgShape by double clicking rgShape
  • also use these event handler for rgCount:
    • in the Object Inspector select rgCount
    • now select the tab Events in the Object Inspector
    • go to the OnClick event and select in the adjacent ComboBox rgShapeClick
  • whenever rgShape or rgCount is clicked, the form should be redrawn, therefore write following code in the event handler:
procedure TForm1.rgShapeClick(Sender: TObject);
begin
  Repaint;
end;
  • whenever the form is redrawn, the shapes should be drawn:
    • in the Object Inspector select Form1
    • select the tab Events
    • click on the button [...] next to the event OnPaint
    • the handler is created, enter the following code:
procedure TForm1.FormPaint(Sender: TObject);
var
  i: Integer;
begin
  if TryStrToInt(rgCount.Items[rgCount.ItemIndex], i) then
    for i:=1 to i do begin
      Canvas.Pen.Color:=Random($1000000);
      Canvas.Brush.Color:=Random($1000000);
      case rgShape.Items[rgShape.ItemIndex] of
        'Lines':      Canvas.Line(Random(ClientWidth), Random(ClientHeight), Random(ClientWidth), Random(ClientHeight));
        'Rectangles': Canvas.Rectangle(Random(ClientWidth), Random(ClientHeight), Random(ClientWidth), Random(ClientHeight));
        'Ellipses':   Canvas.Ellipse(Random(ClientWidth), Random(ClientHeight), Random(ClientWidth), Random(ClientHeight));
      end;
    end;
end;
  • start your program, it could look like:

ExampleTRadioGroup.png

See also


LCL Components
Component Tab Components
Standard TMainMenu • TPopupMenu • TButton • TLabel • TEdit • TMemo • TToggleBox • TCheckBox • TRadioButton • TListBox • TComboBox • TScrollBar • TGroupBox • TRadioGroup • TCheckGroup • TPanel • TFrame • TActionList
Additional TBitBtn • TSpeedButton • TStaticText • TImage • TShape • TBevel • TPaintBox • TNotebook • TLabeledEdit • TSplitter • TTrayIcon • TControlBar • TFlowPanel • TMaskEdit • TCheckListBox • TScrollBox • TApplicationProperties • TStringGrid • TDrawGrid • TPairSplitter • TColorBox • TColorListBox • TValueListEditor
Common Controls TTrackBar • TProgressBar • TTreeView • TListView • TStatusBar • TToolBar • TCoolBar • TUpDown • TPageControl • TTabControl • THeaderControl • TImageList • TPopupNotifier • TDateTimePicker
Dialogs TOpenDialog • TSaveDialog • TSelectDirectoryDialog • TColorDialog • TFontDialog • TFindDialog • TReplaceDialog • TOpenPictureDialog • TSavePictureDialog • TCalendarDialog • TCalculatorDialog • TPrinterSetupDialog • TPrintDialog • TPageSetupDialog • TTaskDialog
Data Controls TDBNavigator • TDBText • TDBEdit • TDBMemo • TDBImage • TDBListBox • TDBLookupListBox • TDBComboBox • TDBLookupComboBox • TDBCheckBox • TDBRadioGroup • TDBCalendar • TDBGroupBox • TDBGrid • TDBDateTimePicker
Data Access TDataSource • TBufDataset • TMemDataset • TSdfDataSet • TFixedFormatDataSet • TDbf
System TTimer • TIdleTimer • TLazComponentQueue • THTMLHelpDatabase • THTMLBrowserHelpViewer • TAsyncProcess • TProcessUTF8 • TProcess • TSimpleIPCClient • TSimpleIPCServer • TXMLConfig • TEventLog • TServiceManager • TCHMHelpDatabase • TLHelpConnector
Misc TColorButton • TSpinEdit • TFloatSpinEdit • TArrow • TCalendar • TEditButton • TFileNameEdit • TDirectoryEdit • TDateEdit • TTimeEdit • TCalcEdit • TFileListBox • TFilterComboBox • TComboBoxEx • TCheckComboBox • TButtonPanel • TShellTreeView • TShellListView • TXMLPropStorage • TINIPropStorage • TIDEDialogLayoutStorage • TMRUManager • TStrHolder
LazControls TCheckBoxThemed • TDividerBevel • TExtendedNotebook • TListFilterEdit • TListViewFilterEdit • TTreeFilterEdit • TShortPathEdit • TLvlGraphControl
RTTI TTIEdit • TTIComboBox • TTIButton • TTICheckBox • TTILabel • TTIGroupBox • TTIRadioGroup • TTICheckGroup • TTICheckListBox • TTIListBox • TTIMemo • TTICalendar • TTIImage • TTIFloatSpinEdit • TTISpinEdit • TTITrackBar • TTIProgressBar • TTIMaskEdit • TTIColorButton • TMultiPropertyLink • TTIPropertyGrid • TTIGrid
SQLdb TSQLQuery • TSQLTransaction • TSQLScript • TSQLConnector • TMSSQLConnection • TSybaseConnection • TPQConnection • TPQTEventMonitor • TOracleConnection • TODBCConnection • TMySQL40Connection • TMySQL41Connection • TMySQL50Connection • TMySQL51Connection • TMySQL55Connection • TMySQL56Connection • TSQLite3Connection • TIBConnection • TFBAdmin • TFBEventMonitor • TSQLDBLibraryLoader
Pascal Script TPSScript • TPSScriptDebugger • TPSDllPlugin • TPSImport_Classes • TPSImport_DateUtils • TPSImport_ComObj • TPSImport_DB • TPSImport_Forms • TPSImport_Controls • TPSImport_StdCtrls • TPSCustomPlugin
SynEdit TSynEdit • TSynCompletion • TSynAutoComplete • TSynMacroRecorder • TSynExporterHTML • TSynPluginSyncroEdit • TSynPasSyn • TSynFreePascalSyn • TSynCppSyn • TSynJavaSyn • TSynPerlSyn • TSynHTMLSyn • TSynXMLSyn • TSynLFMSyn • TSynDiffSyn • TSynUNIXShellScriptSyn • TSynCssSyn • TSynPHPSyn • TSynTeXSyn • TSynSQLSyn • TSynPythonSyn • TSynVBSyn • TSynAnySyn • TSynMultiSyn • TSynBatSyn • TSynIniSyn • TSynPoSyn
Chart TChart • TListChartSource • TRandomChartSource • TUserDefinedChartSource • TCalculatedChartSource • TDbChartSource • TChartToolset • TChartAxisTransformations • TChartStyles • TChartLegendPanel • TChartNavScrollBar • TChartNavPanel • TIntervalChartSource • TDateTimeIntervalChartSource • TChartListBox • TChartExtentLink • TChartImageList
IPro TIpFileDataProvider • TIpHttpDataProvider • TIpHtmlPanel