Win16

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Overview

A Win16 cross compiler is currently being developed in FPC trunk (the development version). It targets Windows 3.0 or later.

Requirements

FPC trunk

The compiler is a cross compiler that runs at least on Windows (both x86 and x64), Linux, and Mac OS X. For compiling programs, it needs:

  • the Open Watcom linker - WLINK
  • the Open Watcom library manager - WLIB
  • the Netwide Assembler - NASM

In theory it should be able to run on any platform, supported by FPC, where NASM and the Open Watcom tools are available. This includes DOS via the GO32V2 extender. However, because the Watcom tools for DOS are compiled with a different extender, there are some issues related to long file names and the passing of long command line arguments.

Building a snapshot manually

  • make sure nasm, wlink and wlib are in your path
  • checkout fpc trunk:
svn checkout http://svn.freepascal.org/svn/fpc/trunk fpc
  • enter the fpc directory and build the compiler with the following command (replace /usr/bin/ppc386 with the full path to the stable (3.0.4) FPC compiler binary; replace -WmLarge with -WmMedium, -WmCompact or -WmSmall if you want to use another memory model, although using large is recommended):
make clean all OS_TARGET=win16 CPU_TARGET=i8086 OPT="-CX -XXs" CROSSOPT=-WmLarge BINUTILSPREFIX= PP=/usr/bin/ppc386
  • install the snapshot (replace linux and i386 with the OS and CPU you're using; replace INSTALL_PREFIX with the directory you want the snapshot installed):
make crossinstall OS_SOURCE=linux CPU_SOURCE=i386 OS_TARGET=win16 CPU_TARGET=i8086 PP=compiler/ppcross8086 CROSSOPT=-WmLarge \
    BINUTILSPREFIX= INSTALL_PREFIX=/home/blablabla/fpc-i8086/snapshot-win16/large OPT="-CX -XXs"

Status

The RTL compiles. Not that not all packages work in memory models, other than large or medium. This is because, currently the small and compact memory models don't support generating far procedures (the far directive is ignored in these models), and that's what the Win16 API expects to use for callback functions. The RTL supports long file names when run under Windows 95+/2000+. The dos unit works (unlike Borland Pascal 7, it is still called dos and not windos). Most of the core win16 api is available through the wintypes and winprocs units, similarly to Borland Pascal 7. The win31 unit is also available, providing support for the extra APIs, added in Windows 3.1. The crt, video, keyboard and mouse units compile and work (although there's no mouse supported implemented yet), by providing an emulated text console (since Win16 applications can be GUI only). Note that crt is also called crt (and not wincrt like in BP7). FPC demo program fpctris works. Samegame should also work, as soon as mouse input support is added to the kvm units. FV (Free Vision) also compiles and mostly works, but is not well tested and may have bugs. The sysutils unit compiles, but does not yet work. The graph unit is not yet implemented. However, the objects and objpas units are available and work.

Creating DLLs is not yet supported.

Even though created EXE files are marked to support Windows 3.0 real mode, the real mode support is not stable yet (it needs all functions, including internal ones to be exported, which is not yet implemented). Therefore, running under protected mode Windows is highly recommended.

Screenshot of fpctris, working under Windows for Workgroups 3.11:

fpctris wfwg311.png