- Screenshot of Test/Demo app
- Contents of INI written by CryptINI
TCryptIni is a TiniFile implementation that is resistant to tampering. In normal (PlainTextMode = FALSE) mode, any calls to Write values are accompanied by an embedded MD5 hash value (and also reversed then Base64/IDEA Encrypted) This is invisible in normal use (i.e. read methods return normal results) but there are added methods to internally verify any entries. It also is able to write a standard ident section containing various details including authorship and copyright. A single function allows you to check on app startup whether this section has been altered. It also includes a useful 'First Run' functionality. It's intended purpose is to store information that cannot be easily altered in a text editor (such as HiScores etc) by a weekend scripter. The WriteInteger method is the most secure as it double-encrypts as well as embedding an MD5Hash value as a checksum. Very handy to save scores etc. It is paired with ReadInteger and VerifyInteger
This unit does not claim to pass any security tests nor be used in any environment where a moderate-level hacker could circumvent it.
By Default CryptINI uses the DCPCrypt package for string encryption. The mode is IDEA cipher with an MD5 hash for the key. The EncryptINI and DecryptINI methods use DCPCrypt RC4 Cipher (With SHA hash) There is a $DEFINE USE_DCPCRYPT directive at the top of the ucryptini file.
If this DEFINE is commented out, then CryptINI will default to BASE64 string encryption, which is weaker. Encrypt/DecryptINI methods will be unavailable. You can then delete any requirement for dcpcrypt in the project inspector.
Starting in FPC V3.1.1 there are additional options in TINIFile which are implemented in TCryptINI if the FPC Version >= 3.1.1 is detected.
Use and Example Code
- Tip: Add CryptINI as a requirement in Project Inspector
Uses Inifiles; TForm1.SomeProcedure; Var INI:TIniFile; begin INI := TIniFile.Create(ChangeFileExt(Application.EXEName, '.cfg')); end;
You do: (note the 'uses ucryptini')
Uses ucryptini; TForm1.SomeProcedure; Var INI:TCryptIniFile; begin INI := TCryptIniFile.Create(ChangeFileExt(Application.EXEName, '.cfg')); end;
- If you do:
.. then TCryptINI will behave *exactly* as TIniFile does, so you can drop it into existing code without changing an existing INI file.
- If you are coding a new app, then leave PlainTextmode as its default value (TRUE) and code as you would for Tinifile. The advantage is that you can then use CryptINI's extra methods, like Verify and WriteIdent etc.
Using the WriteIdent etc in Form.Create
- You can hard-code an Ident Section in your INI file and check if it has been altered
- Note to use this function you must include Version Info in your project (Project/Project Options/Version Info)
- Typical Form.Create()
procedure TForm1.FormCreate(Sender: TObject); const C_KEYPHRASE = 'I do like to be beside the seaside'; // Move this to the top of the unit Begin ...other code // Initialise the encrypted config file INI := TCryptIniFile.Create(ChangeFileExt(Application.EXEName, '.cfg')); // First ever run. INI is absent If INI.IsVirgin then INI.WriteIdent('minesadorada','(c)2016','email@example.com','Creative Commons',TRUE); if NOT INI.VerifyIdent('5b319674f5cb55f3ed1e404e33c25868') then // I got this from the INI file ShowMessage('This is not a genuine copy of ' + Application.Title + '!') else INI.Deflower; // If not Deflowered then the default ini is used. // After first run, use the encrypted version If NOT INI.IsVirgin then begin INI.DecryptINI(TRUE,C_KEYPHRASE); // Check the unencrypted version.. if NOT INI.VerifyIdent('5b319674f5cb55f3ed1e404e33c25868') then // I got this from the INI file ShowMessage('This is not a genuine copy of ' + Application.Title + '!'); end; INI.KeyPhrase:=C_KEYPHRASE; // for subsequent read/writes ...other code end; procedure Tmainform.FormDestroy(Sender: TObject); const C_KEYPHRASE = 'I do like to be beside the seaside'; // Move this to the top of the unit Begin ...other code INI.EncryptINI(TRUE,C_KEYPHRASE); ...other code end;
- Has the Ident been tampered with? Put something like this in Form.Create:
// Use the MD5 value from the INI file (use your own!) If INI.VerifyIdent('92abf0deecbb25c435bff507a396d92a') then ShowMessage('Ident verified OK') // do nothing else ShowMessage('Ident failed verification'); // Warning message/exit
- Test for first run
If INI.IsVirgin then // note that doing the test Deflowers the app by default ShowMessage('First time run of this app');
- Toggle to normal UnEncrypted INI use
(by default it is set to FALSE)
INI.PlainTextMode:=TRUE; INI.WriteString('MySection', 'String', 'MyString'); // just writes normally
- When PlainTextMode = FALSE (default) and SectionHashing=TRUE (default),Write<anytype> encrypts the value and prefixes the encrypted value with an MD5Hash. In addition each section has an entry MD5Hash=<32 characters> which is updated on each write.
- Note WriteInteger adds a '+' (INTEGER_MARKER) to the written Key
This is so that CryptINI can deal with Integers specially Using CryptINI in either mode, this is invisible in use (i.e. don't add a + to the ident for any methods)
- When PlainTextMode = FALSE (default), use these convenient methods if you like:
INI.ReadUnencryptedString INI.WriteUnencryptedString INI.ReadUnEncryptedInteger INI.WriteUnencryptedInteger
- Store 'First Run' status using these methods:
INI.IsVirgin INI.Deflower INI.ReFlower (useful for testing)
Encrypting/Decrypting the whole INI file
- You can encrypt and decrypt the entire INI file using methods EncryptINI and DecryptINI.
This uses a different cipher and hash method, so is extra-secure.
- Note: CryptINI methods and properties an only work with an unencrypted INI file, So; Decrypt on startup, and Encrypt before exit.
- By default the routines use the KeyPhrase property, but you can override this in the EncryptINI/DecryptINI method calls along with whether to delete the "old" file and what file extension to use for the encrypted file.
Original IniFiles methods and properties
Just use them as normal. Note: you can mix-and-match Plaintext and Encrypted in the same INI file. Just toggle the property PlainTextMode before Writing/Reading
- This can be downloaded from https://sourceforge.net/projects/lazautoupdate/files/otherpackages/testcryptini_compiled.zip
- There are compiled versions for Windows 32/64-bit and Linux 32/64-bit in the archive. (Also untested MacOS 10 'Darwin' 32-bit)
- As well as this page, ucryptini.pas is heavily commented. The Testing app (source also commented) will help you understand the strengths and limitations of CryptINI, and how to get the best of it in your own applications.
- Sourcecode and Testing app Direct link: https://sourceforge.net/projects/lazautoupdate/files/otherpackages/cryptinitest_source.zip
- CryptIni as a component: via Online_Package_Manager
- Download the package: https://sourceforge.net/projects/lazautoupdate/files/otherpackages/cryptini.zip
- Unzip it into a new folder (Suggest <LazarusDir>/components/cryptini)
- In the Lazarus IDE Click Package/Open Package File (lpk), navigate to your new folder and click "cryptini.lpk", then "Open"
- Just click "Compile". It is not a visual component, so cannot be "Installed"
- To use it in your project, just add ucryptini to the Uses clause when required, or better still: add CryptIni (the component) to the projects's requirements.