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A Z80 port is currently under development in GIT main:
To check it out, use:
mkdir fpc-z80 cd fpc-z80 git clone https://gitlab.com/freepascal.org/fpc/source.git fpc
The compiler now includes an internal assembler and linker, so no extra packages are needed. Optionally, the assembler and linker from the SDCC package can be used as well:
The compiler produces files in the IHX format (Intel HEX Format).
The compiler produces ZX Spectrum tape files in the TZX file format. They are suitable for running in emulators. An open-source emulator that works is FBZX:
ROM images for the emulator are available here:
They are copyrighted and are not free (as in freedom), but are legally available for use in emulators (not in real hardware), and are also repackaged and redistributed in Linux repositories such as RPMFusion - nonfree.
Another emulator that works is Fuse:
Producing TZX files requires a tool, called ihxutil, which is written in Pascal and is available in the utils/ihxutil directory of the compiler.
The compiler produces flat COM files that can be run from the MSX-DOS environment. Please note that you need to take extreme care that you don't link in too much code especially if you want to also include a heap and a stack. The default size for the heap is 256 and for the stack 1024 and these can be changed using the $MEMORY directive.
Generating the COM files requires the ihxutil utility which is written in Pascal and is available in the utils/ihxutil directory of the Free Pascal sources.
More information can be found here.
Here's the build script I use:
#! /bin/sh set -e FPC_Z80_DIR=/home/nickysn/tralala/fpc-z80 STARTPP=fpc BINUTILSPREFIX= CROSSOPT=-O-1 export CROSSOPT OPT="-CX -XXs" if [ -n "$EXTRAOPT" ] then OPT+=" $EXTRAOPT" fi export OPT export CPU_TARGET=z80 export OS_TARGET=zxspectrum export OS_SOURCE=`$STARTPP -iSO` export CPU_SOURCE=`$STARTPP -iSP` cd $FPC_Z80_DIR/fpc make -j `nproc` clean PP=$STARTPP BINUTILSPREFIX=$BINUTILSPREFIX make -j `nproc` all PP=$STARTPP BINUTILSPREFIX=$BINUTILSPREFIX make -j `nproc` crossinstall PP=$FPC_Z80_DIR/fpc/compiler/ppcrossz80 INSTALL_PREFIX=$FPC_Z80_DIR/zxspectrum-snapshot BINUTILSPREFIX=$BINUTILSPREFIX
Note that, if you use the SDCC package from the official Fedora repositories, you might need to replace
When compiling programs, you should always enable smartlinking by adding these two options to the compiler:
As of Apr 27, 2020, the code generator is stable enough to compile the full system unit. Standard output via write/writeln works now. As of May 17, 2020, optimization level 1 also works, so you can try compiling with -O1. Note that there aren't many Z80-specific optimizations implemented yet, but enabling optimization still has some small effect. Here's a simple program that works:
program Hello; var b: byte; begin Write('FPC'); for b := 0 to 255 do Write(HexStr(b, 2)); end.
Here's what this program produces in the FBZX emulator: