Difference between revisions of "Lazarus DB Faq/es"

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==Descripción general==
 
==Descripción general==
  
Este FAQ se dirige a la programación Lazarus con bases de datos.
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   Este FAQ se dirige a la programación Lazarus con bases de datos.
  
 
=== Dónde encontrar más FAQ? ===
 
=== Dónde encontrar más FAQ? ===
  
Buscar en el sitio oficial www.lazarus.freepascal.org. Esta no es más que otro FAQ. [[Lazarus Faq|Aquí]] puedes encontrar una página que empezó siendo una copia de la FAQ de www.lazarus.freepascal.org .
+
   Buscar en el sitio oficial www.lazarus.freepascal.org. Esta no es más que otro FAQ. [[Lazarus Faq|Aquí]] puedes encontrar una página que empezó siendo una copia de la FAQ de www.lazarus.freepascal.org .
  
 
=== ¿Dónde encontrar componentes para Bases de Datos? ===
 
=== ¿Dónde encontrar componentes para Bases de Datos? ===
  
At the moment the SQLdb components are part of the Lazarus package, you only need to install them. If you look in the [$LazarusDir]/components you will see a subdirectory SQLdb. Install the sqldblaz.lpk and you will be able to connect to MySQL, Interbase / Firebird and Postgres servers.
+
   At the moment the SQLdb components are part of the Lazarus package, you only need to install them. If you look in the [$LazarusDir]/components you will see a subdirectory SQLdb. Install the sqldblaz.lpk and you will be able to connect to MySQL, Interbase / Firebird and Postgres servers.
 
Look [[Install Packages|here]] for help on installing packages.
 
Look [[Install Packages|here]] for help on installing packages.
  
 
=== Are there other components? ===
 
=== Are there other components? ===
  
Yes. The [http://zeoslib.sourceforge.net/index.php ZEOS components] have been ported to Lazarus as well.
+
   Yes. The [http://zeoslib.sourceforge.net/index.php ZEOS components] have been ported to Lazarus as well.
 
<br>You have to download ZEOSDBO_Rework from [http://sourceforge.net/cvs/?group_id=35994 ZEOS cvs].
 
<br>You have to download ZEOSDBO_Rework from [http://sourceforge.net/cvs/?group_id=35994 ZEOS cvs].
 
<br>See also this tutorial for [[Zeos_tutorial|Zeos]].
 
<br>See also this tutorial for [[Zeos_tutorial|Zeos]].

Revision as of 11:47, 8 July 2008

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Descripción general

   Este FAQ se dirige a la programación Lazarus con bases de datos.

Dónde encontrar más FAQ?

   Buscar en el sitio oficial www.lazarus.freepascal.org. Esta no es más que otro FAQ. Aquí puedes encontrar una página que empezó siendo una copia de la FAQ de www.lazarus.freepascal.org .

¿Dónde encontrar componentes para Bases de Datos?

   At the moment the SQLdb components are part of the Lazarus package, you only need to install them. If you look in the [$LazarusDir]/components you will see a subdirectory SQLdb. Install the sqldblaz.lpk and you will be able to connect to MySQL, Interbase / Firebird and Postgres servers. Look here for help on installing packages.

Are there other components?

   Yes. The ZEOS components have been ported to Lazarus as well.
You have to download ZEOSDBO_Rework from ZEOS cvs.
See also this tutorial for Zeos.
Pascal Data Objects works equally with Delphi and FPC 2.0 (MySQL and Firebird)

IB / FB

How do I connect from Linux to a Windows server

Entering the correct path to a database on a Windows server from a Linux client is not very clear.

Say you have installed firebird in F:\Program Files\firebird\. The employee.fdb example database will then be installed in the directory F:\Program Files\firebird\examples\ . The IP-adress of your computer is 192.168.2.100.

Then entering the following databasename

192.168.2.100:F:\Program Files\firebird\examples\employee.fdb

in your IBConnection will connect to the required database.

Note that you don't have to enter a value for the hostname property!

MySQL

Which version of mySQL is supported?

Currently MySQL 4.0, MySQL 4.1 and MySQL 5.0 are supported by de SQLdb components. Make sure you are using the correct connection component for your client library version. So if you have the client libraries installed for MySQL 4.1 then you have to use TMySQL41Connection component, even if the server is running version 4.0 or 5.0.

Pascal Data Objects

There is now an alternative. The functions introduced with MySQL 4.1 and 5.0 like prepared statements, binding, and stored procedures are supported by database API called Pascal Data Objects, which is inspired by PHP Data Objects. All the code and documentation necessary to use this new API is available on sourceforge:

http://pdo.sourceforge.net

Jan 30, 2007: PDO has added drivers for Firebird 1.5 and 2.0

PostgreSQL

You can connect to PostgreSQL db by TPQConnection component. This component uses the PostgreSQL's libpq connection library[1], so you can easily connect almost every PostgreSQL db, but the component doesn't support the following connection options:

  • Port
  • ClientEncoding

Maybe there are other unsupported connection parameters.