Add Help to Your Application/ru

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LCL поставляется со справочной системой и позволяет создавать справку для ваших собственных приложений.

Быстрый старт

Откройте пример приложения из examples/helphtml/.

This project demonstrates how to use the HTML help components. Just drop them on a form of your project. Setup the paths and create some HTML pages. Then give each control of your application a HelpKeyword.

See the CHM help section if you want to use CHM help files instead of HTML help files.

There is a very nice simple demo ( here:,38487.msg261731.html#msg261731

Help Basics

The LCL help mainly consists of two parts: Help databases and help viewers. A Help Database contains the mapping from the keywords (ID, node, message, pascal, ...) to the help page (or help web site or...). The Help Viewer is invoked by the Help Database to show the help to the user.

  • A THelpDatabase manages content. It can be a collection of HTML pages or fpdoc XML files or a CHM file or a database or whatever.
  • A THelpViewer is a component that shows help content. For example a viewer for the mime type text/html can start a web browser.

When help is requested, the LCL queries each registered THelpDatabase and each database can return a list of entries. If several entries are returned, the LCL asks the user to choose an entry. Then the LCL asks the database to show the help for the entry. The database extracts the help content and asks the LCL for a viewer that supports the mime type of the content. Finally, the viewer shows the help content.


Context-sensitive CHM application help can be used from Lazarus 1.0 and later.

A demonstration program is included that shows how to include context-sensitive help using CHM and the lhelp CHM viewer (the same one that is used for IDE help by default). Please see ${lazarusdir}/components/chmhelp/democontrol/.

You can write your own CHM files, e.g. with the now ancient Microsoft HTML Workshop or with the new Lazarus chmmaker tools in $(lazarusdir)/tools/chmmaker You can use a TCHMHelpDatabase control like the THTMLHelpDatabase control described below.

The advantages of using the CHM system are a smaller, self contained help file instead of multiple files. On the other hand, not every system has a CHM viewer installed by default, so you might want to include lhelp, a CHM viewer written in Pascal and included with the Lazarus sources (components/chmhelp/lhelp/lhelp.lpi).

Using LHelp

  • Put a TLHelpConnector on your form.
  • Set LHelpPath with the name and location of the LHelp executable (this can be absolute, or relative to the application directory)
  • Set AutoRegister to true
// Example with both chm file and LHelp.exe in Application folder.
Procedure TForm1.FormCreate(Sender: TObject);
  If FileExists(ChangeFileExt(Application.ExeName, '.chm')) Then
    CHMHelpDatabase1.Filename := ChangeFileExt(Application.ExeName, '.chm');
    CHMHelpDatabase1.KeywordPrefix := 'test';

    LHelpConnector1.LHelpPath := IncludeTrailingBackSlash(ExtractFileDir(Application.ExeName)) + 'lhelp.exe';
    mnuHelpMain.Enabled := False;

Procedure TForm1.Button1Click(Sender: TObject);
  If mnuHelpMain.Enabled Then  
    //ShowTableOfContents;  (Not implemented for TCHMHelpDatabase)


The LCL provides two components to use HTML files for help: THTMLHelpDatabase and THTMLBrowserHelpViewer. To see the HTML help, see the lazarus example examples/helphtml/htmlhelp1.lpi.

Setup HTML help for your application

Lazarus help items

Adding HTML help to your application is easy:

  • Put a THTMLHelpDatabase on a form.
  • Set AutoRegister to true.
  • Set KeywordPrefix to html/. It means all keywords must start with the string html/.
  • Set BaseURL to file://yourhelp/. This will search the HTML files in the sub folder yourhelp. You can specify full paths like file:///usr/lib/yourhelp/ or an URL like
  • Put a THTMLBrowserHelpViewer on the form. This component can start the user's default browser.
  • Set AutoRegister to true.

Creating a help entry

  • Now create the subfolder yourhelp and create an HTML page yourhelp/edit1.html. In case of a website, the help page should be accessible as
  • Put a TEdit on a form
  • Set HelpType to htKeyword
  • Set HelpKeyword to html/edit1.html

When running the program you can focus the edit control and press F1 to invoke the help. Under macOS the help key sequence is Cmd-? (or Cmd+Shift+? depending on your keyboard layout).

Note: Some window managers, widget set combinations do not pass F1 to the LCL.

INF (using fpGUI's DocView help viewer)

See the message and example project included in the Lazarus Forums. [1]

It shows a fully working example of an LCL application using fpGUI's DocView help viewer. It shows context sensitive help and general help.

For example:

  • Set focus to a specific control and press F1. It will show the help topic for that specific control.
  • Click the Help button and it will show the help topic for the dialog/form.
  • Select the "Help -> Show Help" menu item and it will show the general application help and display the first topic in the help file.

See also