Not
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The unary operator not
negates a Boolean value.
FPC also knows the bitwise not
when supplied with an ordinal type.
not
is a reserved word.
Boolean operation
The operator not
represent the logical negation [math]\neg A[/math].
In electrical engineering one might write [math]A[/math] or [math]\overline{A}[/math] instead, however the unary minus sign has a different meaning in programming.
A

not A


false

true

true

false

not
has the highest precedence among logical operators.
bitwise operation
The bitwise not
flips every bit in an ordinal type.
not 1100'1010 ――――――――――――― 0011'0101
It effectively calculates the one's complement.
On virtually all platforms it is implemented by the not
instruction.
On NANDgatebased architectures the not
instruction can be calculated by the expression [math]A \barwedge A[/math].
Note, that only not %0
will definitely result in a value interpretable as true
.
However, not every not x
will result in a value interpretable as false
, since only 0
is considered as false
and every other value as true
.
For example, boolean(not %1)
will evaluate as true
, but only boolean(not high(nativeUInt))
will evaluate to false
.