Editor Macros PascalScript

From Lazarus wiki
Jump to: navigation, search


The PascalScript macro functionality is available in Lazarus 1.1 and later. To use the feature you have to install the package EditorMacroScript, which includes the Pascal Script package. Pascal Script is provided by REM Objects. A minimum package is provided with the Lazarus 1.1 distribution.

See also IDE_Window:_Editor_Macros


This functionality is only available on selected platforms/architectures:

  • Windows
    • 32/64bit Intel/AMD
  • Linux
    • 32/64bit Intel/AMD
  • Mac
    • 32(/maybe 64)bit Intel/AMD
    • 32bit PPC

Simple actions

All simple Keyboard actions are represented as follows:

Move Caret one to the left (in the editor that invoked the macro)
Inserts an 'a'

See the unit SynEditKeyCmds in package SynEdit, and IDECommands in IDEIntf for a full list. Or use the Recorder to get the names of actions.


   Function MessageDlg( const Msg : string; DlgType : TMsgDlgType; Buttons : TMsgDlgButtons; HelpCtx : Longint) : Integer');
   Function MessageDlgPos( const Msg : string; DlgType : TMsgDlgType; Buttons : TMsgDlgButtons; HelpCtx : Longint; X, Y : Integer) : Integer');
   Function MessageDlgPosHelp( const Msg : string; DlgType : TMsgDlgType; Buttons : TMsgDlgButtons; HelpCtx : Longint; X, Y : Integer; const HelpFileName : string) : Integer');
   Procedure ShowMessage( const Msg : string);
   Procedure ShowMessagePos( const Msg : string; X, Y : Integer)');
   Function InputBox( const ACaption, APrompt, ADefault : string) : string');
   Function InputQuery( const ACaption, APrompt : string; var Value : string) : Boolean');

Objects provided

Scripts can refer to the invoking SynEdit via the identifier "Caller".

Caller: TSynEdit

The following methods and properties are available:

   property CaretX: Integer;
   property CaretY: Integer;
   property CaretXY: TPoint;
   property LogicalCaretXY: TPoint;
   property LogicalCaretX: Integer;
   procedure MoveCaretIgnoreEOL(const NewCaret: TPoint);
   procedure MoveLogicalCaretIgnoreEOL(const NewLogCaret: TPoint);
   property BlockBegin: TPoint;
   property BlockEnd: TPoint;
   property SelAvail: Boolean; // read only
   property SelText: string;
   property SelectionMode: TSynSelectionMode;
   procedure ClearSelection;
   procedure SelectAll;
   procedure SelectToBrace;
   procedure SelectWord;
   procedure SelectLine(WithLeadSpaces: Boolean);
   procedure SelectParagraph;

   function SearchReplace(const ASearch, AReplace: string; AOptions: TSynSearchOptions): integer;
   function SearchReplaceEx(const ASearch, AReplace: string; AOptions: TSynSearchOptions; AStart: TPoint): integer;
   TSynSearchOptions = set of
   ( ssoMatchCase, ssoWholeWord,
     ssoEntireScope, ssoSelectedOnly,  // Default is From Caret to End-of-text (or begin-of-text if backward) 
     ssoReplace, ssoReplaceAll,        // Otherwise the function does a search only
     ssoPrompt,                        // Show the prompt before replacing
     ssoSearchInReplacement,           // continue search-replace in replacement (with ssoReplaceAll) // replace recursive
     ssoRegExpr, ssoRegExprMultiLine,
     ssoFindContinue                   // Assume the current selection is the last match, and start search behind selection
                                       // (before if ssoBackward) // Default is to start at caret (Only SearchReplace / SearchReplaceEx has start/end param)

Returns the number of replacements done. When Searching, returns 1 if found, 0 if not found. If found the match will be selected (use BlockBegin/End).

 if Caller.SearchReplace('FindMe', ' ', []) > 0 then begin
   // Selection is set to the first occurrence of FindMe (searched from position of caret)
   property Lines[Index: Integer]: string; // read only
   property LineAtCaret: string;  // read only
   procedure InsertTextAtCaret(aText: String; aCaretMode : TSynCaretAdjustMode);
   property TextBetweenPoints[aStartPoint, aEndPoint: TPoint]: String              // Logical Points
   procedure SetTextBetweenPoints(aStartPoint, aEndPoint: TPoint;
                                  const AValue: String;
                                  aFlags: TSynEditTextFlags = [];
                                  aCaretMode: TSynCaretAdjustMode;
                                  aMarksMode: TSynMarksAdjustMode;
                                  aSelectionMode: TSynSelectionMode
   procedure CopyToClipboard;
   procedure CutToClipboard;
   procedure PasteFromClipboard;
   property CanPaste: Boolean     // read only
Logical / Physical
   function LogicalToPhysicalPos(const p: TPoint): TPoint;
   function LogicalToPhysicalCol(const Line: String; Index, LogicalPos
                             : integer): integer;
   function PhysicalToLogicalPos(const p: TPoint): TPoint;
   function PhysicalToLogicalCol(const Line: string;
                                 Index, PhysicalPos: integer): integer;
   function PhysicalLineLength(Line: String; Index: integer): integer;

ClipBoard: TClipBoard

   property AsText: String;


The macro shown below aligns selected code to a specific token. It looks for a specific token in each selected line, and aligns each occurrence of it.

Select the 3 lines. If the selection starts right before the ":" then the ":" will be detected. A prompt will ask you to confirm the ":". Then all ":" will be aligned. (If you use a word for alignment, please note, that it will be matched regardless of word boundaries)

  text: string;
  a: Integer;
  foo: boolean

The macro:

function IsIdent(c: Char): Boolean;
  Result := ((c >= 'a') and (c <= 'z')) or
            ((c >= 'A') and (c <= 'Z')) or
            ((c >= '0') and (c <= '9')) or
            (c = '_');
  p1, p2: TPoint;
  s1, s2: string;
  i, j, k: Integer;
  if not Caller.SelAvail then exit;
  p1 := Caller.BlockBegin;
  p2 := Caller.BlockEnd;
  if (p1.y > p2.y) or ((p1.y = p2.y) and (p1.x > p2.x)) then begin
    p1 := Caller.BlockEnd;
    p2 := Caller.BlockBegin;
  s1 := Caller.Lines[p1.y - 1];
  s2 := '';
  i := p1.x
  while (i <= length(s1)) and (s1[i] in [#9, ' ']) do inc(i);
  j := i;
  if i <= length(s1) then begin
    if IsIdent(s1[i]) then // pascal identifier
      while (i <= length(s1)) and IsIdent(s1[i]) do inc(i)
      while (i <= length(s1)) and not(IsIdent(s1[i]) or (s1[i] in [#9, ' '])) do inc(i);
  if i > j then s2 := copy(s1, j, i-j);
  if not InputQuery( 'Align', 'Token', s2) then exit;
  j := 0;
  for i := p1.y to p2.y do begin
    s1 := Caller.Lines[i - 1];
    k := pos(s2, s1);
    if (k > j) then j := k;
  if j < 1 then exit;
  for i := p1.y to p2.y do begin
    s1 := Caller.Lines[i - 1];
    k := pos(s2, s1);
    if (k > 0) and (k < j) then begin
      Caller.LogicalCaretXY := Point(k, i);
      while k < j do begin
        ecChar(' ');

See http://forum.lazarus.freepascal.org/index.php/topic,27186.msg167883.html#msg167883 for counting array elements.